Facet-mediated pain from hypertrophy and arthritic changes is a spinal condition that occurs when the facet joints in the spine become enlarged or arthritic, leading to pain and reduced mobility. The facet joints are located on either side of the vertebrae and are responsible for stabilizing the spine and allowing movement.
Hypertrophy and arthritic changes in the facet joints can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, genetics, and repetitive stress on the spine. These changes can cause the joints to become enlarged, leading to pressure on nearby nerves and resulting in pain, stiffness, and limited mobility in the affected area.
Symptoms of facet-mediated pain from hypertrophy and arthritic changes can include pain or tenderness in the affected area, stiffness, reduced mobility, and pain that worsens with certain movements or activities”explains Orthopedic Surgeon Rolando Garcia, M.D.
In severe cases, nerve compression may also occur, leading to neurological symptoms such as numbness, tingling, or weakness in the arms or legs.
Treatment for this condition typically involves a combination of conservative measures such as pain management, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes (such as exercise and weight loss). In some cases, minimally invasive procedures such as facet joint injections or radiofrequency ablation may also be used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation in the affected area.
In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying condition causing the facet-mediated pain. Surgical options may include facet joint fusion, which involves permanently fusing the facet joint together, or laminectomy, which involves removing part of the vertebra to relieve pressure on the affected nerve.
It is important to work with a medical professional to develop a comprehensive treatment plan based on individual needs and symptoms. With proper management and treatment, most individuals with facet-mediated pain from hypertrophy and arthritic changes can achieve significant pain relief and improve their quality of life.