Spinal deformities refer to abnormal curvatures or misalignments of the spine.
These conditions can affect the natural shape, alignment, and balance of the spine, leading to postural abnormalities and potential health complications. One of the most common type of spinal deformities is scoliosis.
Adult idiopathic progressive scoliosis is a spinal condition that causes an abnormal curvature of the spine in adults. Idiopathic means that the exact cause of the scoliosis is unknown, while progressive means that the curve of the spine continues to worsen over time. “Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve sideways, resulting in a “C” or “S” shape,”Explains Orthopedic Surgeon Rolando Garcia, M.D.
Adult idiopathic progressive scoliosis usually develops during adolescence but can also occur in adulthood. In some cases, scoliosis can progress into adulthood and cause discomfort or pain. The exact cause of this condition is not fully understood, but it is thought to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Symptoms of adult idiopathic progressive scoliosis can include pain, stiffness, and limited mobility in the affected area. In severe cases, the curvature of the spine can cause compression of the spinal cord or nerves, leading to neurological symptoms such as numbness or weakness in the arms or legs.
Treatment for adult idiopathic progressive scoliosis typically involves a combination of non-surgical approaches such as physical therapy, pain management, and bracing. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to correct the curvature of the spine and prevent further progression of the condition. Surgical procedures for scoliosis typically involve spinal fusion, where two or more vertebrae are fused together to straighten the spine.
It is important to work with a medical professional to develop a comprehensive treatment plan based on the severity of the scoliosis and the individual’s symptoms and medical history. Regular checkups with a spinal specialist can also help monitor the progression of the condition and adjust treatment as necessary.
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Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that is commonly used to treat scoliosis
The goal of spinal fusion surgery is to correct the curvature of the spine by fusing two or more vertebrae together. This creates a solid bone structure that can prevent the spine from continuing to curve abnormally.
The procedure involves making an incision in the back, and the surgeon will then expose the affected vertebrae. The surgeon will remove the damaged disc or bone material that is causing the curvature and then insert a bone graft or spinal implant into the space between the vertebrae. The graft or implant is held in place with metal rods or screws that are attached to the vertebrae above and below the affected area.
Over time, the bone graft or implant will fuse with the vertebrae, creating a solid bone structure that holds the spine in the corrected position. The rods and screws are typically left in place to provide additional support during the healing process.
Spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis is typically a complex and involved procedure that may require a hospital stay of several days. Recovery time can vary depending on the extent of the surgery, but it can take several months for the patient to fully recover and resume normal activities.
As with any surgery, spinal fusion for scoliosis carries some risks, such as infection, bleeding, and nerve damage. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of surgery with a medical professional and consider all non-surgical treatment options before making a decision.